motivated by curiosity.

Frequency-dependent representation of feedback-related information in the human medial and lateral prefrontal cortex

06.06.16 Posted in Human Neurophysiology Studies by

The feedback-related negativity (FRN) is a commonly observed potential in scalp electroencephalography (EEG) studies related to the valence of feedback about a subject’s performance. This potential classically manifests as a negative deflection in medial frontocentral EEG contacts following negative feedback. Recent work has shown prominence of theta power in the spectral composition of the FRN, […]

Sharp wave ripples during visual exploration in the primate hippocampus

06.06.16 Posted in Primate Neurophysiology Studies by

Hippocampal sharp-wave ripples (SWRs) are highly synchronous oscillatory field potentials that are thought to facilitate memory consolidation. SWRs typically occur during quiescent states, when neural activity reflecting recent experience is replayed. In rodents, SWRs also occur during brief locomotor pauses in maze exploration, where they appear to support learning during experience. In this study, we […]

An open source 3-d printed modular micro-drive system for acute neurophysiology

03.14.14 Posted in Recording Methods by

Current, commercial, electrode micro-drives that allow independent positioning of multiple electrodes are expensive. Custom designed solutions developed by individual laboratories require fabrication by experienced machinists working in well equipped machine shops and are therefore difficult to disseminate into widespread use. Here, we present an easy to assemble modular micro-drive system for acute primate neurophysiology (PriED) […]

Studying task-related activity of individual neurons in the human brain

02.17.13 Posted in Human Neurophysiology Studies by

Single neuronal studies remain the gold standard for studying brain function. Here, we describe a protocol for studying task-related single neuronal activity in human subjects during neurosurgical procedures involving microelectrode recordings. This protocol has two phases: a pre-operative and intra-operative phase. During the pre-operative phase we discuss informed consent, equipment setup, and behavioral testing. During […]

Human single neuron reward processing in the basal ganglia and anterior cingulate

01.10.13 Posted in Reviews by

Animals are fundamentally governed by rewards. It is a central component of our behavior and the pursuit of which represents the integration of a broad range of cognitive capacities. These functions take place in a distributed reward network and include regions such as the frontal cortex, cingulate cortex, basal ganglia, and midbrain dopaminergic systems (see […]

Encoding of rules by neurons in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

11.21.12 Posted in Human Neurophysiology Studies by

We use rules to extend learned behavior beyond specific instances to general scenarios. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is thought to play an important role in representing rules, as evidenced by subjects who have difficulty in following rules after PFC damage and by animal studies demonstrating rule sensitivity of individual PFC neurons. How rules are instantiated […]

Human dorsal anterior cingulate cortex neurons mediate ongoing behavioural adaptation

05.17.12 Posted in Human Neurophysiology Studies by

The ability to optimize behavioural performance when confronted with continuously evolving environmental demands is a key element of human cognition. The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), which lies on the medial surface of the frontal lobes, is important in regulating cognitive control. Hypotheses about its function include guiding reward-based decision making, monitoring for conflict between […]

Single-neuron responses in the human nucleus accumbens during a financial decision-making task

04.06.12 Posted in Human Neurophysiology Studies by

Linking values to actions and evaluating expectations relative to outcomes are both central to reinforcement learning and are thought to underlie financial decision-making. However, neurophysiology studies of these processes in humans remain limited. Here, we recorded the activity of single human nucleus accumbens neurons while subjects performed a gambling task. We show that the nucleus […]